Cyril Ramaphosa Secures Second Term as South Africa President Amidst Historic Coalition Deal

Cyril Ramaphosa Secures Second Term as South Africa President Amidst Historic Coalition Deal
  • 15 Jun 2024

Cyril Ramaphosa Re-Elected Amidst Groundbreaking Coalition

South African President Cyril Ramaphosa has secured his second term in office under unprecedented circumstances. The recently concluded elections, held two weeks ago, showcased a significantly altered political landscape in the nation. The African National Congress (ANC), Ramaphosa's party, had found itself in a tight spot, having garnered only 159 seats, far short of the 201 needed for an outright majority. This development necessitated a historic coalition to retain power and continue governance.

The most surprising element of this political shuffle was the unprecedented coalition between the ANC and the Democratic Alliance (DA). The DA, known historically as the largest white-led and pro-business party in the country, won 87 seats in the elections. Despite its extensive influence, the party had often wrestled with criticisms about its elitist image and its perceived disconnection from a broad spectrum of South African society. This new coalition, therefore, marks a significant departure from traditional political rivalries.

President Ramaphosa addressed the nation, expressing profound gratitude and hope, describing this new era as a 'new birth' for South Africa. His commitment to serving again as president was met with enthusiastic applause from his supporters. He emphasized the coalition as an opportunity not just for governance, but for creating a more inclusive and united South Africa.

The Details of the Coalition

The coalition deal is both intriguing and complex, involving not just the ANC and DA, but also smaller parties that now hold a significant stake in the governance. Among these, the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) with its ethnic Zulu base and 17 parliamentary seats has played a crucial role. Additionally, uMkhonto we Sizwe (MK), a new populist party led by former president Jacob Zuma, won 58 seats but has been embroiled in a controversy alleging election rigging.

While the Constitutional Court has dismissed MK's claims as baseless, their involvement in the coalition remains uncertain. Despite the boycott threats from MK, the coalition has been solidified with assurances of stability and shared governance roles. Reuters sources within the DA confirmed that as part of the coalition arrangement, the party would be granted the influential post of deputy speaker of the National Assembly.

Challenges and Opportunities

The ANC's need for a coalition stems from its dwindling support over recent years. Persistent issues such as poverty, economic inequality, severe crime rates, frequent power outages, and corruption within its ranks have eroded public trust. This coalition, therefore, is seen as a strategic move not just to stay in power, but to potentially revitalize the party's image and implement much-needed reforms.

President Ramaphosa's leadership is now under even greater scrutiny. The stakes are high, with expectations of addressing longstanding socioeconomic issues coupled with maintaining political stability. As he embarks on his second term, Ramaphosa has underscored the importance of unity and inclusivity in governance. This coalition government is a testament to South Africa's evolving political fabric and its commitment to overcoming historical divides.

The Role of the Democratic Alliance

The DA's participation in the coalition is particularly noteworthy. Historically viewed as the party of the affluent, white minority, the DA has struggled with its image and outreach among wider demographics. Its coalition with the ANC signifies a potential shift towards more inclusive policies and broader representation. The party's leader expressed optimism about this new political alignment, viewing it as an opportunity to contribute to nation-building and address the systemic challenges the country faces.

Critics, however, caution against overselling the coalition's potential. They argue that deep-rooted issues within both parties could hinder effective governance. Nonetheless, the coalition presents an unprecedented chance for the DA to reshape its identity and impact substantive change through collaborative governance.

The Future of South African Politics

As South Africa moves forward, the coalition government under President Ramaphosa's leadership will be closely watched both domestically and internationally. The success or failure of this coalition will have far-reaching implications for the nation's political dynamics and its approach to critical issues such as economic reform, social equity, and national unity.

For now, South Africans remain cautiously optimistic. Ramaphosa's call for a 'new birth' resonates with a populace eager for change and progress. The coming years will determine whether this historic coalition can indeed foster a more inclusive, stable, and thriving South Africa.


In summary, Cyril Ramaphosa's re-election as South Africa's president through a historic coalition deal represents a pivotal moment in the country's political history. The alliance between the ANC and DA, along with smaller parties, underscores a commitment to unity amid significant challenges. As Ramaphosa begins his second term, the nation's eyes are set on the coalition's ability to deliver on its promises and drive South Africa towards a brighter future.

Posted By: Oliver Jamison

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